The Nanosafety Cluster (NSC) has acquired a strong identity over the past 10 years, in future it should capitalise on this identity by becoming more ambitious and outreaching, with clear structures for allocating tasks to projects and greater greater responsibility for ensuring delivery of allocated tasks by projects for delivery of allocated tasks by projects. At present, there is communication and information exchange among NSC projects, however, these are rather non-committal activities, and include little exchange with stakeholders that are not automatically partners in the NSC. Effective communication to project partners and a wider audience of stakeholders (e.g. regulators and policy makers) as fundamental to the success of projects, and the translation of project outputs into practice.
A more governance-oriented structure and function of the NSC would address the issues related to task coordination across the NSC and communication/dissemination, allowing greater effectiveness and impact. At present, safety and hazard issues are either not well addressed or are not addressed at all, in nanomaterial innovation tracks. The development of governance of nanotechnology in general, involves a close connection between safety and innovation, in which approaches are needed that address safety without disproportionate hindrance of the potential for innovation. NSC safety research should work to facilitate innovation projects and shape the effective and proportionate governance of nanotechnology by EC member states. Lastly, there is a need to assure societal acceptance of the use of nanomaterials.